Chemical Composition, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Six Essentials Oils from the Alliaceae Family.

Abstract

Six essential oils (EOs) from the Alliaceae family, namely garlic (Allium sativum), onion (Allium cepa), leek (Allium porrum), Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum), shallot (Allium ascalonicum) and chive (Allium schoenoprasum) were characterized by GC and GC-MS and evaluated for their functional food properties. Antibacterial properties were tested on five food-borne pathogens: Two Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Listeria monocytogenes (ATCC 19115) and three Gram-negative Salmonella Typhimurium (ATCC 14028), Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739) and Campylobacter jejuni (ATCC 33291) bacteria. Antioxidant and radical-scavenging properties were tested by means of Folin-Ciocalteu and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays. Garlic, Chinese chive and onion EOs had the highest antibacterial activity whereas shallot and leek EOs were the strongest antioxidants. Heating caused a decrease in the antioxidant activity of these Eos, as shown in the Total Polar Materials (TPM) test. Suggestions on relationships between chemical composition and biological activities are presented. Results show that the EOs could be of value in the food industry as alternatives to synthetic antioxidants.

Author information

Mnayer D1, Fabiano-Tixier AS2, Petitcolas E3, Hamieh T4, Nehme N5, Ferrant C6, Fernandez X7, Chemat F8.

  • 1Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR 408, INRA, GREEN extraction Team, Avignon 84000, France. d_mnayer@yahoo.fr.
  • 2Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR 408, INRA, GREEN extraction Team, Avignon 84000, France. anne-sylvie.fabiano@univ-avignon.fr.
  • 3Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR 408, INRA, GREEN extraction Team, Avignon 84000, France. emmanuel.petitcolas@univ-avignon.fr.
  • 4Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Medicine, Lebanese University, Dekwaneh, Beirut 6573, Lebanon. tayssir.hamieh@ul.edu.lb.
  • 5Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Medicine, Lebanese University, Dekwaneh, Beirut 6573, Lebanon. nehmenancy@hotmail.com.
  • 6Ferrant P.H.E, 2 Rue d’Ecottes, Rodelinghem 62610, France. ferrantphe@Wanadoo.fr.
  • 7Institut de Chimie de Nice, UMR 7272, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis/CNRS, Parc Valrose, Nice 06108, France. xavier.fernandez@unice.fr.
  • 8Université d’Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR 408, INRA, GREEN extraction Team, Avignon 84000, France. farid.chemat@univ-avignon.fr.

 

source: pubmed , 2014 Dec 1;19(12):20034-20053.